Сlinic № 1 of Darnytskyi region

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  • Kiev, str. Kharkov Highway 121
  • Tel.: (044) 564-47-92
  • Tel.: (044) 564-03-33

Сlinic № 1 of Darnytskyi region
 

Medicine is the science and art of healing. It encompasses a variety of health care practices evolved to maintain and restore health by the prevention and treatment of illness in human beings.

There are many subspecialities (or subdisciplines) of internal medicine:

Cardiology is a medical specialty dealing with disorders of the heart (specifically the human heart). The field includes diagnosis and treatment of congenital heart defects, coronary artery disease, heart failure, valvular heart disease and electrophysiology. Physicians who specialize in this field of medicine are called cardiologists.

Endocrinology is a branch of biology and medicine dealing with the endocrine system, its diseases, and its specific secretions called hormones, the integration of developmental events such as proliferation, growth, and differentiation (including histogenesis and organogenesis) and the coordination of metabolism, respiration, excretion, movement, reproduction, and sensory perception depend on chemical cues, substances synthesized and secreted by specialized cells.

Geriatrics is a sub-specialty of internal medicine and family medicine that focuses on health care of elderly people. The term geriatrics comes from the Greek γέρων geron meaning "old man" and ιατρός iatros meaning "healer". However, geriatrics is sometimes called medical gerontology.

Hematology, is the branch of biology physiology , internal medicine , pathology , clinical laboratory work, and pediatrics that is concerned with the study of blood , the blood-forming organs, and blood diseases.

Infectious diseases, also known as contagious diseases or transmissible diseases , and include communicable diseases , comprise clinically evident illness (ie, characteristic medical signs and/or symptoms of disease ) resulting from the infection , presence and growth of pathogenic biological agents in an individual host organism.

Pediatrics (or paediatrics ) is the branch of medicine that deals with the medical care of infants , children , and adolescents.

A medical practitioner who specializes in this area is known as a pediatrician or paediatrician.

Pulmonology is the medical specialty dealing with disease involving the respiratory tract.

Pulmonology is called chest medicine and respiratory medicine in some countries and areas. Pulmonology is considered a branch of internal medicine, and is related to intensive care medicine. Pulmonology often involves managing patients who need life support and mechanical ventilation. Pulmonologists are specially trained in diseases and conditions of the chest, particularly pneumonia, asthma, tuberculosis, emphysema, and complicated chest infections.

Rheumatology is a sub-specialty in internal medicine and pediatrics, devoted to diagnosis and therapy of rheumatic diseases.

Rheumatology is a rapidly evolving medical specialty, with advancements owing largely to new scientific discoveries related to immunology of these disorders. Because characteristics of some rheumatological disorders are often best explained by immunology, pathogenesis of many major rheumatological disorders are now described in terms of the autoimmune system, i.e. as an autoimmune disease. Correspondingly, most new treatment modalities are also based on clinical research in immunology and the resulting improved understanding of the genetic basis of rheumatological disorders. Future treatment may include gene therapy as well. At present evidence-based medical treatment of rheumatological disorders has helped patients with rheumatism lead a near-normal life.

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